Three Chinese Philosophies

Three Chinese Philosophies

 

From ancient China, three philosophies form the bedrock of ancient Chinese culture.

They each have a particular focus and also discuss the opposite of this main focus.

They are:

- Confucianism

- Taoism

’- Buddhism

 

It is difficult for „western“ people to understand that these are not religions. They are all philosophies. They do not believe in a „higher being“ or „supernatural power“.

They all focus on real life order. Each is unique in helping maintain order and structure in society and personal life.

1 Confucianism

Confucianism is based on the teachings of the philosopher Confucius, who lived from

551-479 BCE. It is an extensive work on political ideas and social harmony. With respect for authority and the wise elders. Examination systems to determine your social order, were derived from this doctrine that forms an important aspect during its 2500 years of existence.

 

2 Taoism

In Taoism, the health of the human body in relationship with the natural environment is central. This doctrine is based on the book Tao Te Ching, „the way of life“, by the Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu, 604-507 BCE, who was asked to write down his wisdom at the border, before leaving to the west. It teaches genuine happiness and longevity of life. Other Taoist writings were published by Zhuangzi and Daozang.

 

3 Buddhism

Buddhism was imported from Nepal, by Bodhidarma around the 6th century A.D.

This is called Chinese ZEN Buddhism. Another master of this doctrine was Huang Bo.

Pureland was developed as a second form of Buddhism, by the Indian monk Nanhua Chan.

They both focus on understanding the human mind, seeing its true Nature and gaining Enlightment.

Most temples in China are Buddhist temples.

 

 

Oliver Shanti - Well Balanced

 

= edwinno

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Friday, 15 December 2017

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